gPOQtPOEHPtPOAnPL-GITABITAN
jŘPlP▓AjŘPlP▓AEcPFtPOA,aAE¬PgOUNPAE¬PgOUNP-

Certificate

rPcPnPLA pPPErLLEcPEtPO

rPcPFnPLAkPPAlP:  1282 ( 1875)
kPPEHPrP HPbPsLP: 14
špPOLkPPASPF: nPLiBPO╚¸PrP, 1875,ašLgPFhPFAbPLNP, 1282 , sPFirPAEjPLnPLQ nPLAWvPFkPP |
HPA╦PAlPQrP gPOAnPL (1312)F|

Echoes from East and West (1899) by Robi Dutt
gPOQtPOE`HPtPOAnPL(pPOLyPYAbPL;#/FpOLÍ) nPLAWvPFzgPOQEtPO-nPLAWvPFzgPOQEtPO; 1/767
rPAgPO / tPOAlP: BZOpPOLAlPQ / ePkPPtPOAlP
ŃO¸PrPElPEpPOL: ŃO¸PrPE`HPtPOAnPL 51
ŃO¸PrPE`lPEpPOLkPPArP : vhPFEËOdPrPA udPLHPQ
pPOLAdPLWvPFQkPPA:
ujPLzAEtPOErPËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP ulPKPA nPLAWvPFikPP dPLQGPLYtPOrP rPcPFnPLAEWvPF pPOLAoPFbPLA yPAbPL; uyPWvUFkFUOrP ŃO¸PrPElPEpPOL aAiCPF usPFWvUFkFUOvhPF gPOQtPOEHPtPOAinPL sPF╠POElPtPOF| rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP anPLz ukPPAinPLA gPOAinPLrP HPvhPFitPO pPOLAoPFbPLA yPAbPL nPLAF|

". . . sFUrP sPFĂPFHPtPO ujPLzAEtPOErPËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrPvhPF udPLoPFbPLA -- rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP tPOKPinPLA gPOAinPL sFUrP uyPAjPLnPLA kPPrPA aArPĂPF kPPirPnPLEnPLF| " --  sPFmPFQrP usPFnPLgOUÔPL, gPOAinPLrP EpPOLCPFinPL rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP, 2008F|


aAilPAcPFnPLA

rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP tPOKPnPL HPAwxPFQitPO rPAmPFsPFHPYŃO¸P pPOLELŇPLitPOrP EnPLkPPWvPF sPFMŃFFkFÍOtPO pPOLEwxPFitPOnPLF| aAEmPF oPF rPAmPFsPFHPYŃO¸P dLUvhPFjPLinPL rPEHPrP pPOLwxPFArP GPLirP HPEsPFbPLAvhPF, 'sPFirPAEjPLnPLQ'rP [ujPLzAEtPOErPËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP ulPKPA nPLAWvPFkPP, 1875] špPOLqfPO sPFMiSPFADPFnPL kPPErPtPOAmPFF| rPAmPFsPFHPYŃO¸P KLUHP ujPLAirP ujPLAirP pPOLEwxPFitPOnPLF| pPOLAiSPFrP GPLrP hPFvhPFitPO rPEHP SFUEnPLitPOnPL, oPF mPFAiJPF mPFAiJPF pPOLELŇPLtPOmPFhPFASPFbPLikPP wvPOi÷PSPFz kPPErPbPLA, ukPPAnPL▓ ŰPOAinPL EkPP kPPErPilP BPOAlP hPFbPL, usPFvhPF mPFtPOAmPFtPO špPOLkPPASPF kPPErPitPOnPLF| rPAjPLFpOLUtPO mPFEhPFlPAidPLrP EcPFtPOAšpPOLiHPiSPFrP uyP ePkPPEWvPF dLÍSPFz aAiCPF, tPOAhPFAitPO FpOLZiHPY aAEmPF gPOidPLz ePkPPEWvPF HP└oÍLŢtPOA rPcPFnPLA kPPErPbPLA EdPLbPLAECPFlPAmPFF| yPKPnPL ePvhPF ŰPOAnPLWvPFA pPOLEwxPFbPLA špPOLqfPO udPLKPA hPFvhPFitPOECPFlP, tPOKPnPL rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP pPOLAiSPFrP GPLirP pPOLwxPFASFUnPLA HP˸Pý kPPErPbPLA cUFpPOL kPPErPbPLA HPEsPFbPLA HPEsPFbPLA SFUEnPLitPOECPFilPnPLF| gPOdPLzrPcPFnPLAEWvPF ePKPAinPL ePikPPHPAirPvhPF KPApPOL KPAbPL nPLAvhPF HUEJPFbPLA, EkPPiSPFArP rPEHP ePikPPHPAirP aAmPFAidPLrP GPLirP aAEsPFbPLA hPFAEjPLrPF| EtPOEnPL HPElPilPnPL-- ePKPAinPL pPOLdPLzrPcPFnPLA CPFAwxPFA EkPPCUFitPOvhPF ujPLArP HPA EDPFitPO pPOLAirP nPLAF| špPOLÚPFAHPWvPFA aAEmPF wvPOipPOLżPPA kPPErPitPO pPOLAErPlPAmPF nPLA-- kPPArPNP špPOLTPmPF hPFvhPFitPOvhPF aAmPFArPoPF mPFnPL ukPPmPFnPL KLU ­ KLU ­ kPPErPitPOECPFlPF| EkPP┘UO ePKPnPL aArP sPFmPFbPL űukPP? aAEmPF sPFmPFbPLABPOAiHPrP aApPOLE└oP`L wvPO§PApPOLnPL kPPErPilP, rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP usPFvhPF HP└oÍLŢtPOEWvPFrP pPOLErPHPitPOY ePkPPEWvPF gPOAnPL rPcPFnPLA kPPErPbPLA EdPLHPArP BPOArP lPvhPFilPnPL, ePHPM tPOKPnPLvhPF KLUHP a▄P sPFmPFibPLrP mPFiDPFzvhPF 'jŘPlP▓ jŘPlP▓ EcPFtPOA E¬PgOUNP E¬PgOUNP' ePvhPF gPOAnPLEWvPF rPcPFnPLA kPPErPbPLA aAEnPLbPLA, aAmPFAEdPLgPOikPP cPFmPF­kFÍOtPO kPPErPbPLA EdPLilPnPLF|

    --HPsPF┘POkFUOmPFArP cPFi˘POApPOLADPFzAbPL, ujPLzAEtPOErPËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP jPLQHPnPLŃPF╔ÍEtPO



aEBPOinPL└eOL`Q EHPinPLAEdPLnPLQ 'aAmPFArP kPPTPA' HPvhPFitPO ElPKPiCPFnPL: "'sPFirPAEjPLnPLQ' nPLAWvPFikPPrP ePkPPEWvPF dLÍiSPFz rPAjPLFpOLUtPO lPlPnPLArPA gPOAvhPFitPO gPOAvhPFitPO EcPFtPOAirPAhPFNP kPPrPiCPFnPLF| usPF dLÍSPFzEWvPF uyPnPL mPFAnFUXPikPP wvPOËOL╔PAdPL kPPirP EdPLtPOF| EtPOnPL cPFArP jPLAbPLgPOAbPL DFU DFU kPPirP EcPFtPOA jŘPlPiCPF, usPF aAgOUinPLrP ESPFKPA dLU'EtPOnPL hPFAtPO wvPO cUFitPO wvPOiVPF lPkPPlPkPP kPPrPiCPFF| tPOKPnPL utPOA EHPdLUzitPOrP aAilPA ECPFlP nPLA, uŃOFWvPFijPLrP oPFpPOLrP 4/5 fUOLWvPF lP╚¸PA EWvPFnPL upPOLitPO tPOArP oPFpPOLrP sPFrPq sPFrPq kPPAWvPF ujŘPilP udPLoPFbPLA hPFtPOF| lPAlP rPi╩PFrP SPFAwxPFQ pPOLirP ukPPwvPO HPA fUOLilPrP gPObPLnPLAbPL usPFijPL, ukPPwvPO HPA fUOLilPrP mPFAlPA hPFAitPO EnPLibPL ePkPP ePkPP dPLlP rPAjPLFpOLUtPO rPmPFNPQ usPFvhPF 'jŘPlP▓ jŘPlP▓ EcPFtPOA E¬PgOUNP E¬PgOUNP' gPOAvhPFitPO gPOAvhPFitPO EcPFtPOA špPOLdPLEżPPNP kPPrPiCPF, aArP JUFpPOL kPPirP usPFvhPF aAgOUinPLrP mPFiDPFz pPOLwxPFiCPF, aArP sPFi╦P sPFi╦P EpPOLcPFkPPArPQ kPPirP usPFvhPF aAgOUinPLrP mPFiDPFz ukPPirPAEsPFnPL CPFEwxPFibPL udPLoPFbPLA hPFięCPF, aArP aAgOUnPL dPLAwvPO dPLAwvPO kPPirP jŘPilP wvPOVPFiCPF, tPOAitPO kPPArPq HPA cUFlP FpOLUiwxPF yPAięCPF, kPPArPq HPA kPPApPOLwxPF DPFirP wvPOVPFiCPF-- tPOHUoPF kPPArPqrP ŽýiżPPpPOL unPLvhPF-- tPOArPA aAHPArP GFUirP usPFvhPF aAgOUinPLrP mPFiDPFz JPFA EpPOLibPL pPOLwxPFiCPFF| tPOKPnPL uyP EkPP rPkPPimPFrP ePkPPWvPFA wvPOi└oP`LjPLnPLA hPFtPO tPOA ElPiKP EVPFkPP uHPAJPFAitPO pPOLArPECPF nPLAF|

ePkPPHPArP aAEmPF špPOLmPFQlPA usPFijPL EcPFtPOAirPAhPFNP kPPrPitPO yPAEęCPFF| ePmPFnPL sPFmPFbPL aAmPFArP mPFATPArP rPqżPP cUFlP oPF ucPFElPrP kPPApPOLiwxPFrP KPAEnPLkPPWvPFA aA cPFilP aAgOUnPL DPFirP ugPOCPFlP-- aAEmPF tPOKPnPL ePmPFnPLvhPF aA˛PEHPŃPF╔ÍtPO hPFibPLECPFlPAmPF uyP EkPPCUFvhPF anFUBPOHP kPPrPitPO pPOLAErPEnPLF| aAmPFArP cUFlP jŘPlPiCPF kPPApPOLwxPF jŘPlPiCPF aAmPFArP hUF sPF unPLvhPFF| aAEmPF usPFvhPF aHPŰPOAbPL aAgOUinPLrP mPFiDPFz JPFA EpPOLibPL pPOLwxPFlPAmPFF| wvPOipPOLËLšLdPL EmPF└eOL` mPFhPFASPFbPL rPAHPNP usPFijPLECPFilPnPL, aAmPFArP ePvhPF EHPpPOLdPL udPLiKP EtPOEnPL tPO sPFi╦P sPFi╦P lPAEfPOibPL pPOLiwxPF dLUhPFAtPO EdPLibPL TPAHPiwxPF usPFvhPF aAgOUnPL EnPLHUitPO lPAgPOilPnPLF| tPOKPnPL yPHPEnPLkPPA sPFiHP aiDPFYkPP pPOLiwxPFiCPFF| yPAvhPF hPFkPP aArP pPOLA cPFjPLnPL CUFiWvPF ePisPF ukPPAnPL rPkPPimPF aAmPFAikPP tPO usPF yPA└eOL`A FpOLUiwxPF mPFrPArP hPFAtPO uTPikPP HPA EcPFibPL EdPLilPnPLF| wvPOipPOLnPLHPAHUrP hPFAtPO JPFlPisPF ugPOCPFlP, aAmPFArP udPLihPFrP ŰPOAinPL ŰPOAinPL ufPOAŃFFkPPA pPOLiwxPFECPFlPF|

1878 sPFAilPrP 15 jPLAnFUbPLAErP ušLgPFWvPF nPLzASPFnPLAlP ETPibPLWvPFAirP mPFhPFAsPFmPFAirPAihPF 'sPFirPAEjPLnPLQ'rP špPOLTPmPF aEBPOnPLbPL hPFbPLF| ePvhPF sPFmPFibPL EHPinPLAEdPLnPLQrP HPbPLsPF 14 HPCPFrP, dLUHPCPFrP hPFlP EtPOEnPL mPFi¤PO aEBPOnPLbPL kPPrPiCPFnPLF| (29)


    --sPFmPFQrP usPFnPLgOUÔPL, gPOAinPLrP EpPOLCPFinPL rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLATP, pPOLzAEpPOLrPAsPF, 2008


 

 

1

jŘPlP▓ jŘPlP▓ EcPFtPOA, E¬PgOUNP E¬PgOUNP--
              pPOLrPAnPL sPF EpPOLiHP EHPDPFHPA HPAlPAF|
jŘPlUkPP jŘPlUkPP EcPFtPOArP aAgOUnPL,
              jULwxPFAiHP ePKPEnPL špPOLAiNPrP jŘPAlPAF|F|
uSPFAnPL▓ urP yPHPnPL uSPFAnPL▓ urP utPOArPA,
            uyP jŘPAlPA hÍFdPLibPL jŘPAlPAElP sPFiHP
sPFAżPPQ rP'ulPnPL udPLHPtPOA tPOArP--
               ePrP špPOLEtPOfPOlP BUOEgPOitPO hPFiHPF|F|
udPLKP▓ urP jPLgPO­, umPFElPibPL nPLbPLnPL,
               udPLKP▓ urP cPFËLšLdPLmPFA, udPLKP▓ urP gPOgPOnPL,
ŃO¸PgPOY hPFitPO sPFHP udPLiKPA udPLHPgPONP--
               jŘPlPdPL▓-ażPPirP rPAiKPA ugPOA ElPiKPF|
ŃPOpPOLEDPFYtPO yPHPnPL, utPOArPAoPF udPLKP▓ urP,
               sPFtPOQ˝PL--rPtPOnPL kPPrPitPO rPżPPNP
rPAjPLFpOLUtPO-sPFtPOQ aAEjPLikPP ukPPmPFnPL
               sPF EpPOLiCPF pPOLrPAnPL anPLlPESPFiKPF|F|

Portrait

EHPEHPDPF tPOTPz oP aAilPAcPFnPLA:

THE FAIR MARTYRS

B LAZE, blaze thy last and brightest,
  Thou fiendly-friendly pyre :
The chaste will cast their bodies
  Upon thy mouth of fire.
Blaze, blaze, and in a moment
  Our burnings will be o'er ;
0 Chitor, crown of Princeland,
  Farewell for evermore !
List, list, ye sons of Islam,
  The ever-blazing pain
Ye raise within our bosoms
  Will never go in vain.
Ye Moslems iron-hearted,
  Ye may not hear our cry ;
That Judge Whose ear is open
  Will listen from on high.
Look, look how all the women,
  To shun undying shame,
Resign their dying bodies
  Unto the jaws of flame.
Come, sisters, come, 0 maidens,
  Take leave here the earth,
Be true unto the nation
  To which we owe our birth.
Let us, ere all our feelings
  Are thaw'd away by death,
Let us, ere we are ashes,
  Breathe out one last long breath ;
For, ne'er shall bard of Chitor
  In after ages say
We chose the gloss of pleasure
  And flung the gem away.
Blaze, blaze thy last and brightest,
  Thou fiendly-friendly pyre :
The chaste will cast their bodies
  Upon thy mouth of fire.
Look, look, ye heartless Moslems,
  Look how we shun disgraceŚ
We will be burnt to ashes,
  Yet never stain our race.
Come, sisters, come, 0 maidens,
  Why do we make delay ?
0 wear the crown of glory
  By throwing life away.
Look, look with eyes wide open,
  Thou earth, thou moon, thou sky ;
Write, write in starry letters,
  Ye gods that dwell on high. [October, 1899.]

[Roby Dutt's NoteŚThis refers to one of the saddest chapters of India's history, when Hindus and Muhammadan, were constantly at war ; consult Todd's " Rajasthan."]
[While Roby Dutt assigns the source as "(From a Bengali Song)",the similarity with "jbal` jbal` chitaa" is indisputable. However, Dutt's rendering has many more lines than Rabindranath's Bengali song We included the entire verse here for completeness.]


    --Roby Dutt, Echoes from East and West [ to which are added stray notes of mine own],  Galloway & Porter, Cambridge, 1909



1875 sPFinPLrP pPOLňcPFA­pPOLWvPF:

rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP jPLgPO­: EhPFËOdLU umPFlPAbPL rPHPQËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP kPPEHPtPOApPOLAVPFF|  10vhPF mPFAcPFY jPLnPLnPLQrP mFÍtUOzF| ujPLzAEtPOErPËLšLdPLnPLAiTPrP sPFi╦P ESPFlPAvhPFdPLhPF ugPOilPnPLF| EHP¬PÁPLnPL sPFBPOAbPL 'špPOLkFÍOEtPOrP uKPdPL' kPPEHPtPOA pPOLAVPFF| 'ŞPPAnPLA╠UOrP oPF špPOLEtPOEHP╚¸P'-eP DPFArPAHPAEhPFkPPBPOAiHP 'HPnPLfUOLlP' rPcPFnPLA špPOLkPPASPFF|


    --špPOLBPOAtPOkFUOmPFArP mFUiKPApPOLADPFzAbPL, rPHPQËLšLdPLjPLQHPnPLkPPTPA, aAnPLËOdP pPOLAHPElPSPFAsPFY, kPPlPkPPAtPOA 1392 ePHPM
EcPF└oP`LrPĐPnPL HPiËOdPzApPOLADPFzAbPL sPF╚OLpPOLAdPLkPP, rPHPQËLšLdPL-špPOLsPF╦P 4, aAnPLËOdP pPOLAHPElPSPFAsPFY, kPPlPkPPAtPOA 1998